Peyman Khodaparast

Teaching computers to understand human languages

Teaching computers to understand human languages

Researchers at the University of Liverpool have developed a set of algorithms that will help teach computers to process and understand human languages.

Whilst mastering natural language is easy for humans, it is something that computers have not yet been able to achieve. Humans understand language through a variety of ways for example this might be through looking up it in a dictionary, or by associating it with words in the same sentence in a meaningful way.

The algorithms will enable a computer to act in much the same way as a human would when encountered with an unknown word. When the computer encounters a word it doesn’t recognise or understand, the algorithms mean it will look up the word in a dictionary (such as the WordNet), and tries to guess what other words should appear with this unknown word in the text.

Semantic representation

It gives the computer a semantic representation for a word that is both consistent with the dictionary as well as with the context in which it appears in the text. In order to know whether the algorithm has provided the computer with an accurate representation of a word it compares similarity scores produced using the word representations learnt by the computer algorithm against human rated similarities.

Liverpool computer scientist, Dr Danushka Bollegala, said: “Learning accurate word representations is the first step towards teaching languages to computers.”

“If we can represent the meaning for a word in a way a computer could understand, then the computer will be able to read texts on behalf of humans and perform potentially useful tasks such as translating a text written in a foreign language, summarising a lengthy article, or find similar other documents from the Internet.

“We are excitingly waiting to see the immense possibilities that will be brought about when such accurate semantic representations are used in various language processing tasks by the computers.”

Watch this tinkerer get Windows 7 running on an LG G Watch

We really do live in the future, don’t we?Hacking Jules, a prolific hacker with a YouTube channel devoted to installing different operating systems and classic games on random mobile devices, posted a video of an LG G Watch running Windows 7 about a week ago.

The video is not easy to watch. For starters, the mouse tracking for Windows 7 is incredibly slow, not to mention that the entire interface is shrunken down to tiny icons on the G Watch’s 1.65-inch display. The video also cuts through the three hours it takes to boot up Windows 7.

If you’ve got the patience and you want to try the hack yourself this weekend, there’s a full tutorial available. Otherwise, just marvel at the fact that our technology’s become so powerful, that even a small smartwatch can run a full-blown desktop operating system.

For comprehensive coverage of the Android ecosystem, visit Greenbot.com.


Windows 10 phones gaining support for fingerprint readers this summer

Lumia 950XL Windows Hello
The Lumia 950XL and its red iris reader can log you in using Windows Hello.Microsoft’s improving the biometric login capabilities of Windows 10 Mobile in the coming months. The company plans to add fingerprint sensor capabilities to Windows Hello—the biometric login feature built into the operating system—in the mobile version of Windows 10 this summer. Windows 10 Mobile already supports retina detection, which is used by the Lumia 950 and the 950 XL.

Microsoft revealed its plans for fingerprint sensing during the Windows Hardware Engineering Community (WinHEC) planning event, which was held in China in March. Earlier this week, Microsoft released its presentation slide decks from the events on Channel 9, allowing the public to find out about its plans.

To use the new fingerprint scanning capability your phone will have to come with the hardware required to use it. The first handset to use the fingerprint capability will likely be HP’s Elite X3. The company previously announced it would offer “dual biometrics” on the phone with iris detection and fingerprint scanning.

Why this matters: Unlocking your phone with a retina scan feels cool and very futuristic—almost Mission Impossible-like, you might say. But it’s also an impractical feature, at least in my experience on the Lumia 950. Retina scans are far slower than entering a PIN, to the point that I often forget the feature is there and just quickly zip through my code instead. Retina scans also don’t work at all when you’re outdoors on a sunny day. Fingerprint scanning, meanwhile, tends to be very responsive, and many hardware makers already have experience with the technology.

Flexible lighting foils for next-gen electronics developed

Scientists have used a focused beam of electrons to create some of the smallest nanowires ever made.
ENEVA: Scientists have developed rolls of flexible lighting foils that can be produced much like newspapers are printed, paving the way towards cheaper solar cells, LED panels and next generation of flexible electronics.The Tresores project (Transparent Electrodes for Large Area Large Scale Production of Organic Optoelectronic Devices), led by Frank Nuesch of Swiss research institute Empa, aims to dramatically reduce the production costs of organic electronic devices such as solar cells and LED lighting panels.

The project developed and scaled up production processes for several new transparent electrode and barrier materials for use in the next generation of flexible optoelectronics.

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Radical PCs and cutting-edge components: January’s most powerful new PC hardware

evga quick disconnect water cooling
A January to remember

You might think the PC industry would take it easy after the holidays. You’d be wrong. This January was one of the most hectic months for PC hardware announcements in recent history, with the annual CES electronics show resulting in a veritable deluge of radical, powerful new gear. From butt-kicking PCs that look like knight helmets to ultra-potent new Surface devices to some of the fastest memory ever announced, there was something for everybody to like this month.

Let’s dig in, and don’t be tempted to stop reading halfway through: There’s a lot here, but you won’t find any snoozers in this batch of goodies. (Pictured: EVGA’s new quick-disconnect liquid-cooling system with four EVGA GTX 980 Ti Hybrid graphics cards.)

Intel outlines a plan to get back in line with Moore’s Law

Intel hopes to get back to advancing the chip manufacturing process every two years with the upcoming 7-nm process.

Intel Skylake chip.

Intel prides itself on making computers faster, cheaper and smaller, but in recent years, the company lost a chip manufacturing edge it had to make that happen.

The company hasn’t kept up with its own deadlines to advance chip technology and has dealt with embarrassing product delays. In recent years, Intel hasn’t been able to advance the chip manufacturing process on a regular two-year cycle, a schedule it had in place for decades.

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Microsoft Visual Studio tweaks shower Linux with more love


Microsoft Satya Nadella Linux


“Microsoft loves Linux.” That’s the current message from Satya Nadella’s Microsoft, and it’s somewhat true. If you’re a Linux application developer, Microsoft wants you to use Visual Studio and run your Linux softwareon its Azure cloud ccomputing service. It just tied the knot with Red Hat, too.

At Microsoft Connect 2015, Microsoft announced more good news for Linux software developers. Visual Studio can now be used to remotely debug Linux applications using the GDB debugger. The Visual Studio Code editor that Microsoft released for Linux earlier this year was also open-sourced.

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Windows 10 superguide: Everything you need to know

After months of teasing, testing, and technical previews, Windows 10 is finally here, and it’s one of the best operating systems Microsoft’s ever released. Windows 10 weaves together the best parts of Windows 7 and Windows 8, adds a dash of compelling features, then gives it all away for free to current Windows 7 and 8 users.

And yes, the Start menu is back.

First things first: Read PCWorld’s comprehensive review of Windows 10 for a detailed, no-nonsense look at every corner of the new operating system. There’s a lot to cover! But if you’re short on time, bookmark our review, then check out PCWorld’s clear answer to your simple question: Should you upgrade to Windows 10?

If you decide to take the plunge, be sure to read Ian Paul’s three tips for a hassle-free Windows 10 upgrade beforehand—it’ll save you some headache.

windows 10 start screen
Windows 10’s Start menu blends Windows 7’s feel with Windows 8’s Live Tiles.

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Fall 2015 Android phone preview


Curious about the hottest Android phones coming out this fall? Here’s what we know so far.

In this ever-changing world of Android, it can be hard to keep up with what’s going on. There are new rumors sprouting up almost every other day, generating buzz for phones that even we didn’t see coming.

To keep up with all the hearsay, we put together a helpful listing of all the Android phones we’re expecting to see in the coming months. Some will be here sooner than you can read through this entire page, while others we’re expecting to arrive as late as October.

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Microsoft’s fast, furious week: Inside new Windows 10 and Office 2016 previews galore

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